Idrija lace, Pavla Podobnik
Idrija lace, Pavla Podobnik, photo: Ines Zgonc/Wikimedia Commons

The national day of guilt was marked on February 26, 2022, the thirtieth anniversary of the start of the secret state project of depriving citizens of non-Slovenian heritage of their civil rights and expelling them from Slovenia. The Germans began raising awareness about guilt and taking responsibility ten years or so after World War II, until it became collectively accepted some fifteen to twenty years later, and those who refused to accept it could have been legally prosecuted. Why does Slovenia need more than thirty years, keeping in mind that the process has not even really begun yet? Is Pahor’s public apology (announced for Friday, February 25, 2022) enough, if by any chance he opted for it? Why did the erased even need to seek justice in court (all the way to the European Court of Justice) at their own expense, instead of the state covering its own debt when it admitted its wrongdoings? Was the erasure a war crime? How was the constitution, which at the time existed barely two years, so easily violated? How did the state authorities allow the shameful referendum which publicly humiliated the victims (again, unconstitutionally)?

Nothing will happen or be said publicly during the national day of guilt which would answer these questions – at least not officially. Yet this is a day when gatherings are no longer officially prohibited or limited. So, those who have been speaking about it and seeking justice for twenty-eight years will have a chance to speak up. Public and other media, which had allowed the erased to be insulted by unworthy individuals under different governments, can now only state that such insults have become the dominant public rhetoric, from the government to the government’s lowest scum. Still, all that aside, the worst thing that could happen would be for the national day of guilt to be a day of silence… That is why it is commendable that the major media published a series of articles before the national day of guilt with life stories of the erased, their children, with analyses, facts and – with dignity.

Those who remain of the erased and collateral victims (at least 100,000 of them, if we count family members and other loved ones) now seek only the bare minimum – that society doesn’t forget them, that they be included in history textbooks, that someone from a position of power publicly apologizes. One descendant of the erased has so far succeeded in court – to receive compensation for his early years, when he suffered exclusion, reduced schooling opportunities and other human rights violations. On the tragic side of history of the erased are the several hundred people who were expelled from the country only to be killed in the war as victims of various warring parties, the large number who committed suicide, and the hundred or so who survived illegally despite everything, but are now lost social cases, homeless, without health care, mostly suffering serious health conditions.

Independent institutions, NGOs, independent researchers and cultural workers have for the past thirty years produced a series of historical works, collections of documents, theater plays, films, exhibitions, public manifestations, literary works on the erased. Miha Mazzini wrote a novel, which he turned into a screenplay in 2016, and later into the feature film The Erased, which he directed. This film is available on HBO.

Svetlana Slapsak was born in Belgrade in 1948, where she graduated from the classical high school and received her doctorate from the Department of Ancient Studies at the Faculty of Philosophy. Her passport was confiscated between 1968 and 1973, and 1975-1976 and again 1988-1989. She was employed at the Institute of Literature and Art 1972-88. She was President of the Committee for Freedom of Expression UKS 1986-89, and compiled and issued over 50 petitions, among them for the release of Adem Demaçi. She was a member of UJDI. She moved to Ljubljana in 1991, where she is a full professor of anthropology of ancient worlds, gender studies and Balkanology (2002-14), coordinator of study programs and dean of ISH (2004-14). Editor-in-Chief of ProFemina since 1994. Artistic Director of the Serbian Cultural Center Danilo Kis and Director of the Institute for Balkan and Mediterranean Studies and Culture in Ljubljana. She was proposed, as part of the group A Thousand Women for Peace, for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005. She has written and edited over 70 books and collections, around 400 studies, over 1,500 essays, several novels, libretto for the opera Julka and Janez, travelogues, plays; she is a translator from Ancient Greek, Modern Greek, Latin, French, English and Slovenian. Winner of the Milos Crnjanski Award for her collection of essays in 1990, American PEN Award 1993, Helsinki Watch Award 2000, Helen Award, Montreal 2001, Mirko Kovac Award for her collection of essays in 2015, Peace Prize of the Slovenian PEN Regional Women Writers Committee 2016, Vital’s Golden Sunflower Award 2017.

DwP, 04.03.2022.

Translated by Luna Djordjevic

Pešč, 09.03.2022.

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Svetlana Slapšak, rođena u Beogradu 1948, gde je završila klasičnu gimnaziju i doktorirala na Odeljenju za antičke studije na Filozofskom fakultetu. Pasoš joj je bio oduzet 1968-73, 1975-76. i 1988-89. Zaposlena u Institutu za književnost i umetnost 1972-88. Predsednica Odbora za slobodu izražavanja UKS 1986-89, sastavila i izdala preko 50 peticija, među njima i za oslobađanje Adema Demaćija. Bila članica UJDI-ja. Preselila se u Ljubljanu 1991, gde je redovna profesorka za antropologiju antičkih svetova, studije roda i balkanologiju (2002-14), koordinatorka studijskih programa i dekanka na ISH (2004-14). Glavna urednica časopisa ProFemina od 1994. Umetnička direktorka Srpskog kulturnoga centra Danilo Kiš i direktorka Instituta za balkanske i sredozemne studije i kulturu u Ljubljani. Predložena, u grupi Hiljadu žena za mir, za Nobelovu nagradu za mir 2005. Napisala je i uredila preko 100 knjiga i zbornika, oko 500 studija, preko 3.000 eseja, nekoliko romana, libreto, putopise, drame; prevodi sa grčkog, novogrčkog, latinskog, francuskog, engleskog i slovenačkog. Neke od novijih knjiga: sa Jasenkom Kodrnja, Svenkom Savić, Kultura, žene, drugi (ur, 2011); Franc Kavčič in antika: pogled iz antropologije antičnih svetov (2011); Mikra theatrika (2011); sa Biljanom Kašić i Jelenom Petrović, Feminist critical interventions [thinking heritage, decolonising, crossings] (ur, 2013); Antička miturgija: žene (2013); Zelje in spolnost (2013); Leon i Leonina, roman (e-izdanje, 2014); Leteći pilav (2014); Kuhinja z razgledom (2015); sa Natašom Kandić, ur. Zbornik: Tranziciona pravda i pomirenje u postjugoslovenskim zemljama (2015); Ravnoteža, roman (2016); Preživeti i uživati: iz antropologije hrane. Eseji i recepti (2016); Kupusara. Ogledi iz istorijske antropologije hrane i seksualnosti (2016); Škola za delikatne ljubavnike, roman (2018); Muške ikone antičkog sveta (2018); Libreto za kamernu operu Julka i Janez, Opera SNG Ljubljana, premijerno izvedena 19.1.2017; Antična miturgija (2017); Muške ikone antičkog sveta (2018); sa Marinom Matešić, Rod i Balkan (2018); Mikra theatrika II: antropološki pogled na antično in sodobno gledališče (2018); Volna in telo: študija iz zgodovinske antropologije (2019); Moj mačkoljubivi život (2021); sa Aleksandrom Hemonom, Mladost (2021); Feminističke inscenacije (2021); Osvetnice, roman (2022); Grožnja in strah: razraščanje sovražnega govora kot orodja oblasti v Sloveniji (2022). Romani su objavljeni na slovenačkom i makedonskom. Dobitnica nagrada Miloš Crnjanski za knjigu eseja 1990, American PEN Award 1993, Helsinki Watch Award 2000, Helen Award, Montreal 2001, nagrade Mirko Kovač za knjigu eseja 2015, nagrade Mira ženskog odbora PEN-a Slovenije 2016, Vitalove nagrade Zlatni suncokret 2017.

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